A person who literally feels like they or their environment is literally spinning may be experiencing symptoms of vertigo. The condition of vertigo is different from dizziness in that while the term dizziness is used to describe a feeling of internal confusion, vertigo is a specific type of dizziness that is characterized by a sensation of spinning. This is similar to the feeling a child has when he spins in one direction and then suddenly stops. The resulting sensation is that either the child is still spinning or the world is spinning around the child. In fact, these two sensations comprise the two different forms of vertigo: subjective and objective vertigo. The subjective condition is when the person feels like they are continually moving and the objective version occurs when a person feels that their surroundings are moving. It is this spinning sensation that is the primary symptom of vertigo. Other symptoms that can occur simultaneously with vertigo are as follows: hearing loss, nausea, a ringing sound in the ears, sweating, abnormal eye movements, or walking impairment.
There are relatively few possible vertigo symptoms causes and they generally are related to a malfunction or complication in the inner ear or brain. The most frequent cause of the condition is known as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. This occurs when the spinning sensation results from abrupt head movements or by head movements in a specific direction. One cause that is related to inner ear problems is labyrinthitis, an inflammation of the inner ear due to bacterial or viral infections. Meniere’s disease can be the underlying source if vertigo, aural ringing, and hearing loss all happen at the same time. More serious vertigo symptoms causes are neck trauma, head injuries, or a cerebral hemorrhage. In this last example, patients are usually unable to look in the direction of the origin of the hemorrhage. Vertigo can also be symptomatic of migraines as the headaches can sometimes induce the spinning sensation.
In general, the condition is usually temporary and may last only a few minutes. In these cases a vertigo symptoms treatment is not necessary. However, patients that experience persistent vertigo or vertigo with the following other complications may need to seek local medical attention to make sure it is not indicative of a more serious problem: diplopia, weakness, abnormal eye movements, walking impairments, unusual headaches, an impairment or loss of speaking ability, or an altered consciousness. Depending on the underlying cause, medication may be prescribed as vertigo symptoms treatment. A bacterial infection will be treated with antibiotics and patients with Meniere’s disease may be prescribed medicines to increase urination frequency. Additionally, some physical maneuvers may be utilized to negate the spinning feeling. One such movement used to treat symptoms of vertigo is to have the patient sit on the edge of the table and lie down to one side and then sit up until the vertigo has passed.